Article 176 (Chapter Eleven) of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 establishes County Governments consisting of a County Assembly and a County Executive. The Chapter further sets out the roles, functions and other matters relating to the membership and operations of the County Assembly.
Article 185 of the Constitution provides for the legislative authority of County Assemblies, vesting the legislative authority of a county and the exercise of that authority in its County Assembly. The Assembly has powers to make any laws that are necessary for, or incidental to, the effective performance of the functions and exercise of the powers of the County Government under the Fourth Schedule.
It also provides that a County Assembly, while respecting the principle of the separation of powers, may exercise oversight over the County Executive. The Assembly also receives and approves plans and policies for the management and exploitation of the County’s resources and the development and management of its infrastructure and institutions. County Assemblies are expected to conduct an oversight of the County Government, which has been expanded greatly, with extended control over critical County processes such as the Budgeting process, public appointment and County Legislation among others.
Section 8 of the County Governments Act, 2012 further provides that the County Assembly shall vet and approve nominees for appointment to county public offices, perform the roles set out under Article 185 of the Constitution, approve the budget and expenditure of the County Government in accordance with Article 207 of the Constitution, and the legislation contemplated in Article 220 (2) of the Constitution, guided by Articles 201 and 203 of the Constitution, approve the borrowing by the county government in accordance with Article 212 of the Constitution, approve county development planning and perform any other role as may be set out under the Constitution or legislation.
Bomet County Assembly consists of 36 Members, who include twenty five (25) Ward Representatives, each elected by registered voters of the wards, each ward constituting a single member constituency. Ten (10) members are nominated by political parties according to their proportional representation in the County Assembly to represent special interests including persons with disabilities, minorities and the youth, and the Honourable Speaker elected from outside the House.
The County covers an area of 2037.4 Km2 and is divided into five (5) Sub-Counties (Constituencies), with the 25 wards, 67 locations and 176 sub-locations.
Bomet County is in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Bomet. The county has a population of 730,129 and an area of 1,997.9 km².